SQL Syntax

Before learning SQL, you must have to understand about the basic syntax of SQL. Here are the general syntax of some SQL clauses and statements. Every SQL statements ends with a semicolon (;).

SQL SELECT Statement Syntax

Here is the syntax of the SQL select statement:

SELECT col1, col2, col3, ..., colN
FROM table_name;

To learn more about SQL SELECT statement, refer to SQL Select

SQL INSERT INTO Statement Syntax

Here is the syntax of the SQL INSERT INTO statement:

INSERT INTO table_name(col1, col2, col3, ..., colN)
VALUES(val1, val2, val3, ..., valN);

To learn more about SQL INSERT INTO statement, refer to SQL Insert Into

SQL DISTINCT Clause Syntax

Following is the syntax of the SQL DISTINCT clause:

SELECT DISTINCT col1, col2, col3, ...., colN
FROM table_name;

To learn more about SQL DISTINCT clause, refer to SQL Distinct

SQL WHERE Clause Syntax

Below is the syntax of the SQL WHERE clause:

SELECT col1, col2, col3, ..., colN
FROM table_name
WHERE CONDITION;

Refer to SQL Where to learn more about SQL where clause

SQL IN Clause Syntax

The syntax of the SQL IN clause is show here:

SELECT col1, col2, col3, ..., colN
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name IN (val1, val2, val3, ..., valN);

To learn in detail about SQL IN clause, refer to SQL In

SQL AND/OR Clause Syntax

The syntax of the SQL AND/OR clause is shown below:

SELECT col1, col2, col3, ..., colN
FROM table_name
WHERE  CONDITION-1 {AND|OR} CONDITION-2;

To learn in detail about SQL AND/OR clause then refer to SQL And & Or

SQL BETWEEN Clause Syntax

Below is the syntax of the SQL BETWEEN clause:

SELECT col1, col2, col3, ...., colN
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name BETWEEN val1 AND val2;

To achieve detail knowledge about SQL BETWEEN clause, refer to SQL Between

SQL LIKE Clause Syntax

Here is the syntax of the SQL LIKE clause:

SELECT col1, col2, col3, ..., colN
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name LIKE {PATTERN};

To get some detail knowledge about SQL LIKE clause, then refer to SQL Like

SQL GROUP BY Clause Syntax

Below is the syntax of the SQL GROUP BY clause:

SELECT SUM(column_name)
FROM  table_name
WHERE  CONDITION
GROUP BY column_name;

To learn more about SQL GROUP BY clause, refer to SQL Group By

SQL ORDER BY Clause Syntax

Below is the syntax of the SQL ORDER BY clause:

SELECT col1, col2, col3, ..., colN
FROM table_name
WHERE CONDITION
ORDER BY column_name{ASC|DESC};

To learn more about SQL ORDER BY clause, refer to SQL Order By

SQL DROP TABLE Statement Syntax

Here is the syntax of the SQL DROP TABLE statement:

DROP TABLE table_name;

To learn more about SQL DROP TABLE statement, refer to SQL Drop Table

SQL CREATE TABLE Statement Syntax

Here is the syntax of the SQL CREATE TABLE statement:

CREATE TABLE table_name(
col1 datatype,
col2 datatype,
col3 datatype,
.....
colN datatype,
PRIMARY KEY(one or more columns)
);

To learn in detail about SQL CREATE TABLE statement, refer to SQL Create Table

SQL CREATE INDEX Statement Syntax

The syntax of the SQL CREATE INDEX statement is shown here:

CREATE UNIQUE INDEX index_name
ON table_name(col1, col2, col3, ..., colN);

To learn more about SQL CREATE INDEX statement, refer to SQL Create Index

SQL DELETE Statement Syntax

The syntax of the SQL DELETE statement is shown here:

DELETE FROM table_name
WHERE  {CONDITION};

To learn in detail about SQL DELETE statement, refer to SQL Delete

SQL UPDATE Statement Syntax

The syntax of the SQL UPDATE statement is shown here:

UPDATE table_name
SET col1 = val1, col2 = val2, col3 = val3, ..., colN=valN
[WHERE  CONDITION];

To learn in detail about SQL UPDATE statement then refer to SQL Update

SQL CREATE DATABASE Statement Syntax

The syntax of the SQL CREATE DATABASE statement is shown below:

CREATE DATABASE database_name;

To achieve more knowledge about SQL CREATE DATABASE statement then refer to SQL Create Database

SQL DROP DATABASE Statement Syntax

Following is the syntax of the SQL DROP DATABASE statement:

DROP DATABASE database_name;

To learn in detail about SQL DROP DATABASE statement, refer to SQL Drop Database

SQL Online Test


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