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JavaScript Document Object Methods



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The document object also provides various methods to access HTML elements. Here is the general form used to call a method:

objectName.methodName(arguments)

List of Methods of Document Object

Here is the list of methods of document object in JavaScript:

JavaScript open() Method

The JavaScript open() method opens an HTML document to display the output. Here is the general form of open() method:

document.open(mimetype, replace)

JavaScript close() Method

The JavaScript close() method closes an HTML document. Here is the general form of close() method:

document.close()

JavaScript write() Method

The JavaScript write() method writes HTML expressions or JavaScript code into an HTML document. Here is the general form of the write() method:

document.write(exp1, exp2, ...)

JavaScript writeln() Method

The JavaScript writeln() method writes new line character after each HTML expressions or JavaScript code. Here is the general for of the writeln() method:

document.writeln(exp1, exp2, ...)

JavaScript getElementById() Method

The JavaScript getElementById() method returns the reference of first element of an HTML document with the specified id. Here is the general of the getElementById() method:

document.getElementById(id)

JavaScript getElementsByName() Method

The JavaScript getElementsByName() method returns the reference of an element with the specified name. Here is the general form of the getElementsByName() method:

document.getElementsByName(name)

JavaScript getElementsByTagName() Method

The JavaScript getElementsByTagName() method returns all the elements with the specified tagname. Here is the general form of the getElementsByTagName() method:

document.getElementsByTagName(tagname)

JavaScript Document Object Methods Example

Here is an example demonstrates document object methods in JavaScript:

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
	<title>JavaScript Document Object Methods</title>
	<script type="text/javascript">
		function getElement()
		{
			new_window = window.open("")
			new_window.document.open()
			var xyz = document.getElementsByName("ab")
			new_window.document.write("Length of Your Name is " + xyz.length)
			new_window.document.close()
		}
	</script>
</head>
<body>

<h3>JavaScript Document Object Methods Example</h3>
First Name:<input type="text" name="ab" size="20"><br/>
Middle Name:<input type="text" name="ab" size="20"><br/>
Last Name:<input type="text" name="ab" size="20"><br/>
<input type="button" onclick="getElement()" value="Calculate Length">

</body>
</html>

Here is the sample output of the above document object methods example in JavaScript. This is the initial output:

javascript document object methods

Now fill all the three fields and click on Calculate Length button as shown in the following figure:

document object methods

After clicking on the Calculate Length button, here is the output, you will see on your browser (in new window):

document object methods javascript

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